Colour coding for molecular structures

____________________

 

 

SUGARS

Introduction

Monosaccharides

Disaccharides

Polysaccharides

Digestion

 

 

 

 

Carbohydrates (sugar)

Monosaccharides

Monosaccharides (shown below) usually have up to 7 carbons (heptose). The most important is glucose, with 6 carbons (hexose):

Glucose, the most important monosaccharide

Monosaccharides usually form a ring structure, but they can also be found as an open chain.

Fructose (below) is know as sugar fruit, as it is found in fruit, honey and also in vegetables. In fruits, fructose may be also found in the form of sucrose.

Fructose

 

The sugars ribose and deoxyribose, which are part of RNA and DNA respectively, are both pentoses (5 carbons) :

Ribose froms RNA

 

#

Deoxyribose froms DNA

 

 

 

 

Tell me what you think
Was this useful or interesting?
very good
OK
a bit confusing
bad


View results
Version 2.03
 

© Ricardo Esplugas. All images in this site can be bought in an enlarged version. Please contact me on ricardochemistry@gmail.com